Briton Westwood said part of the problem is the perception of golf as a “White sport.”
“I think it’s still perceived as a White sport if I’m being completely honest,” he said. “If you look at the people that partake in it, and certainly the crowds that turn up, it’s dominated by White people.
“There’s not enough Black people that come into the game. I don’t know what the answer is to that. But there has to be an answer because sport should be for everybody, shouldn’t it?”
In a statement sent to CNN Sport, the European Tour said it played in 31 countries across five continents, had members from 35 countries and winners from 36 countries since the Tour began in 1972.
“We are the gatekeepers of the professional game and we discriminate against nobody,” added the Tour statement. “Anyone who comes through the junior or amateur ranks, from any country, to qualify for our Tour, we welcome with open arms.
“Diversity is something we celebrate each day, but at the same time we also continue to listen and work on ways to broaden golf’s appeal, and golf participation, to all areas of society. We also stand in solidarity with everyone wishing to end all forms of discrimination.”
The Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, which together with the US Golf Association (USGA), governs the sport of golf worldwide, was not immediately available to comment at the time of publication.
In the US, approximately 25% of those who played on a golf course for the first time in 2017 were non-White.
However, 82% of all golfers in the US are White, while 25% of junior golfers (aged 6-17) were non-White.
The PGA Tour sent a statement to CNN Sport, saying: “We agree with Lee that our game is not as diverse as we would like from an audience, recreational or player perspective.
“However, we at the PGA Tour have a considerable amount of optimism and are committed to doing more, in Diversity and Inclusion.”
The organization also indicated that it has plans to announce a substantial commitment to social and racial justice causes in the coming months.
The USGA responded similarly, saying: “While the game of golf is built on the values of fairness, integrity and respect toward all individuals, we recognize that our game has not always represented the best of these ideals.
“We will continue to use our voice, our position and our actions to inspire change. That starts within our organization and broader industry.
“We are working to reset our focus and approach and create a new plan that spells out what we are working to achieve as well as where we will lead, influence and partner.”
Westwood singled out the cost of playing golf as a significant barrier to entry.
“Golf’s too expensive, I think,” said the 47-year-old Westwood. “It’s too expensive to join clubs.”
Only 30% of responding private clubs had a list price of $7,500 or less. That is without annual “dues” (membership fees) which, according to the survey, cost an average of $6,245 (approximately $520 per month). Some clubs also require a minimum amount to be spent in the club shop and bar every month.
Meanwhile the Ryder Cup, has been postponed to 2021.
The biennial competition between the US and Europe was scheduled for September 22-27 at Whistling Straits in Kohler, Wisconsin. The tournament has been rescheduled for September 2021 at the same course.
Organizers said that the decision to postpone this year’s event was based on guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
“It became clear that as of today, our medical experts and the public authorities in Wisconsin could not give us certainty that conducting an event responsibly with thousands of spectators in September would be possible,” said PGA of America CEO Seth Waugh in a statement.
“Given that uncertainty, we knew rescheduling was the right call.”